Articulation Activities for K - Grade 2
The act of speaking is an extremely complicated process! Not only do children need to learn to recognize and say all the various sounds of a language, they must learn to use their speech mechanism (lungs, voice, tongue, jaw, etc.) to string together a multitude of sound sequences that make sense. By the second grade of elementary school, most children will have acquired adult-like speech patterns. Those who do not, may be experiencing a speech disorder or delay. Consult a speech-language pathologist if you have questions about what is typical speech development for children this age.
Activities To Do at Home
- If your child is learning to say a particular sound, take him on a treasure hunt for things that start with that sound. Practice saying each word as you find things. As your child’s articulation improves, you can look for things that have the sound in them somewhere (not necessarily ‘starting’ with the sound).
- While in the car, look for things that start with a sound. Have a contest to see who can find the most. If you find something, have your child put it in a sentence and vice versa.
- Play a board game or card game. For each turn have your child say a word with their sound in it. You can have them put it in a sentence too. Feel free to say words yourself to provide a good model of how to say the sound. (The game is just something fun to do while you’re working on articulation.)
- Play "I Spy" (you or your child picks something with her sound in it and the other one tries to figure out what it is by asking questions) or "Going to Grandma’s House" (play with 2 or more people, start by saying, "I’m going to Grandma’s house and I’m bringing….," name something with your child’s sound in it; the next person needs to remember what you said and then add another item with the sound in it and so on. See how many you can remember.)
- Play a listening game where you say a word and ask your child if it started with his sound. For each correct response you can have your child jump, raise his hand, take a step, or whatever you choose. For example: say, "You’re listening for the ‘r’ sound. Tell me ‘yes’ if you hear it and ‘no’ if you don’t." Then start saying words like: rock, walk, race, run, will, won, etc. It’s ideal to include words that start with the sound that your child substitutes for the correct one (for example, if your child says ‘r’ like ‘w’ include words that start with ‘w’). You can get a list of words from his SLP.
- Weather permitting: play catch or basketball with your child. For each throw or basket say a word with her sound in it. (Again, as your child improves you can have her put the words into sentences.)
- Read a book with pictures to your child. Have your child describe what’s happening in the pictures to you as you read or when you’ve finished. He should be reminded to think about his sound while he’s speaking. You can also have him tell you what happens from the pictures of book you’ve already read. This is an activity for children who are almost to the conversational level of speech improvement, but not quite.
- Select a time (dinner, in the car) when you ask your child to spend 10-15 minutes concentrating on making her sound while she describes her day or a favorite movie or book. This is an activity for children who are more advanced in their speech improvement.